Problem 1

Let \(m_a, m_b, m_c\) be the medians of the triangle \(ABC\) and \(r_a, r_b, r_c\) be its exradii. Then prove that \(m_a+m_b+m_c\le r_a+r_b+r_c\).

AoPS forum

Tags: triangle calculation inequality geometric inequality

Problem 5

The points \(D\) and \(E\) on the side \(AC\) of the triangle \(ABC\) are chosen so that the incircles of \(ABD\) and \(CBE\) with respective centers \(J_a\) and \(K_c\) have equal radii. Also \(J_c\) and \(K_a\) are the incenters of \(CBD\) and \(ABE\) respectively. Prove that the circles \(BJ_aJ_c\) and \(BK_aK_c\) concur second time on the bisector of angle \(B\).

XXIV Kolmogorov Cup, individual olympiad, senior group, conclusion, problem 7

Note. In fact this problem occurred in the olympiad in generalized form for circumscribed quadrilaterals by I. Bogdanov and I. Frolov.

Tags: triangle circles incircle

Problem 11

In triangle \(ABC\) \(I\) is the incenter and \(J\) is the \(B\)-excenter. \(BH\) is height. Reconstruct \(ABC\) given the points \(I,J,H\).

Tags: triangle circles incircle

Problem 37

Let the side \(AC\) of triangle \(ABC\) touch the incircle and the corresponding excircle at points \(K\) and \(L\) respectively. Let \(P\) be the projection of the incenter onto the perpendicular bisector of \(AC\). It is known that the tangents to the circumcircle of triangle \(BKL\) at \(K\) and \(L\) meet on the circumcircle of \(ABC\). Prove that the lines \(AB\) and \(BC\) touch the circumcircle of triangle \(PKL\).

XV Geometrical Olympiad in Honour of I.F. Sharygin, correspondence round, problem 14

Tags: triangle circles incircle circumcircle

Problem 41

Let us be given a convex quadrilateral \(ABCD\) none of whose diagonals is its axis of symmetry and \(DA+AB=DC+CB\). Let \(N_a\) and \(N_c\) be the Nagel points of \(ABD\) and \(CBD\) respectively. Prove that \(N_aN_c\perp BD\) iff the length of \(BD\) is the quarter of \(ABCD\)'s perimeter.

taken from "The Nagel point and the difference triangle", journal “Quantum”, 2019 №9, pages 32-33

Tags: quadrilateral triangle circles incircle Nagel point

Problem 49

Let \(I\) be the incenter of the triangle \(ABC\). Let the respective excircle touch the segment \(AC\) at the point \(K\). Let \(W\) be the second point of intersection of \(BI\) and the circumcircle of \(ABC\), and let \(P\) be the reflection of \(I\) in the \(B\)-height of \(ABC\). It is known that \(\angle IKW=90^\circ\). Then find the measure of \(\angle BPK\).

XXIV Kolmogorov Cup, first tour, senior league, problem 6

Tags: triangle circles incircle circumcircle symmedian

Problem 66

Let us be given an isosceles tetrahedron \(ABCD\), i.e. it has equal opposite edges. Choose a point \(X\) on its circumsphere \(\Omega\) different from the points \(A, B, C, D\). Prove that the center of the sphere passing through the reflections of \(X\) in the faces of \(ABCD\) lies on \(\Omega\).

XXIII Kolmogorov Cup, second tour, senior league, problem 1

Tags: 3D tetrahedron isosceles tetrahedron spheres circumsphere isogonals

Problem 72

Let the sphere \(\omega\) with center \(I\) be inscribed in a

It turned out that the projections of \(I\) on the edges of each of the faces are concyclic. Prove that the diagonals of the polyhedron are concurrent and that the lines joining the touch-points of \(\omega\) with the opposite faces are concurrent in the same point.

XXIV Kolmogorov Cup, third tour, senior league, problem 8

Note. In fact this problem occurred in the olympiad in simplified form by I. Frolov.

Tags: 3D dodecahedron hexahedron spheres insphere isogonals conics